A commencement address by Paul Hawken
A commencement address by Paul Hawken: To the Class of 2009
University of Portland, May 3rd, 2009


When I was invited to give this speech, I was asked if I could give a simple

short talk that was "direct, naked, taut, honest, passionate, lean,

shivering, startling, and graceful." No pressure there.

Let's begin with the startling part. Class of 2009: you are going to have to

figure out what it means to be a human being on earth at a time when every

living system is declining, and the rate of decline is accelerating. Kind of

a mind-boggling situation... but not one peer-reviewed paper published in

the last thirty years can refute that statement. Basically, civilization

needs a new operating system, you are the programmers, and we need it within

a few decades.

This planet came with a set of instructions, but we seem to have misplaced

them. Important rules like don't poison the water, soil, or air, don't let

the earth get overcrowded, and don't touch the thermostat have been broken.

Buckminster Fuller said that spaceship earth was so ingeniously designed

that no one has a clue that we are on one, flying through the universe at a

million miles per hour, with no need for seatbelts, lots of room in coach,

and really good food-but all that is changing.

There is invisible writing on the back of the diploma you will receive, and

in case you didn't bring lemon juice to decode it, I can tell you what it

says: You are Brilliant, and the Earth is Hiring. The earth couldn't afford

to send recruiters or limos to your school. It sent you rain, sunsets, ripe

cherries, night blooming jasmine, and that unbelievably cute person you are

dating. Take the hint. And here's the deal: Forget that this task of

planet-saving is not possible in the time required. Don't be put off by

people who know what is not possible. Do what needs to be done, and check to

see if it was impossible only after you are done.

When asked if I am pessimistic or optimistic about the future, my answer is

always the same: If you look at the science about what is happening on earth

and aren't pessimistic, you don't understand the data. But if you meet the

people who are working to restore this earth and the lives of the poor, and

you aren't optimistic, you haven't got a pulse. What I see everywhere in the

world are ordinary people willing to confront despair, power, and

incalculable odds in order to restore some semblance of grace, justice, and

beauty to this world. The poet Adrienne Rich wrote, "So much has been

destroyed I have cast my lot with those who, age after age, perversely, with

no extraordinary power, reconstitute the world." There could be no better

description. Humanity is coalescing. It is reconstituting the world, and the

action is taking place in schoolrooms, farms, jungles, villages, campuses,

companies, refuge camps, deserts, fisheries, and slums.

You join a multitude of caring people. No one knows how many groups and

organizations are working on the most salient issues of our day: climate

change, poverty, deforestation, peace, water, hunger, conservation, human

rights, and more. This is the largest movement the world has ever seen.

Rather than control, it seeks connection. Rather than dominance, it strives

to disperse concentrations of power. Like Mercy Corps, it works behind the

scenes and gets the job done. Large as it is, no one knows the true size of

this movement. It provides hope, support, and meaning to billions of people

in the world. Its clout resides in idea, not in force. It is made up of

teachers, children, peasants, businesspeople, rappers, organic farmers,

nuns, artists, government workers, fisherfolk, engineers, students,

incorrigible writers, weeping Muslims, concerned mothers, poets, doctors

without borders, grieving Christians, street musicians, the President of the

United States of America, and as the writer David James Duncan would say,

the Creator, the One who loves us all in such a huge way.

There is a rabbinical teaching that says if the world is ending and the

Messiah arrives, first plant a tree, and then see if the story is true.

Inspiration is not garnered from the litanies of what may befall us; it

resides in humanity's willingness to restore, redress, reform, rebuild,

recover, reimagine, and reconsider. "One day you finally knew what you had

to do, and began, though the voices around you kept shouting their bad

advice," is Mary Oliver's description of moving away from the profane toward

a deep sense of connectedness to the living world.

Millions of people are working on behalf of strangers, even if the evening

news is usually about the death of strangers. This kindness of strangers has

religious, even mythic origins, and very specific eighteenth-century roots.

Abolitionists were the first people to create a national and global movement

to defend the rights of those they did not know. Until that time, no group

had filed a grievance except on behalf of itself. The founders of this

movement were largely unknown -- Granville Clark, Thomas Clarkson, Josiah

Wedgwood - and their goal was ridiculous on the face of it: at that time

three out of four people in the world were enslaved. Enslaving each other

was what human beings had done for ages. And the abolitionist movement was

greeted with incredulity. Conservative spokesmen ridiculed the

abolitionists as liberals, progressives, do-gooders, meddlers, and

activists. They were told they would ruin the economy and drive England into

poverty. But for the first time in history a group of people organized

themselves to help people they would never know, from whom they would never

receive direct or indirect benefit. And today tens of millions of people do

this every day. It is called the world of non-profits, civil society,

schools, social entrepreneurship, non-governmental organizations, and

companies who place social and environmental justice at the top of their

strategic goals. The scope and scale of this effort is unparalleled in


The living world is not "out there" somewhere, but in your heart. What do we

know about life? In the words of biologist Janine Benyus, life creates the

conditions that are conducive to life. I can think of no better motto for a

future economy. We have tens of thousands of abandoned homes without people

and tens of thousands of abandoned people without homes. We have failed

bankers advising failed regulators on how to save failed assets. We are the

only species on the planet without full employment. Brilliant. We have an

economy that tells us that it is cheaper to destroy earth in real time

rather than renew, restore, and sustain it. You can print money to bail out

a bank but you can't print life to bail out a planet. At present we are

stealing the future, selling it in the present, and calling it gross

domestic product. We can just as easily have an economy that is based on

healing the future instead of stealing it. We can either create assets for

the future or take the assets of the future. One is called restoration and

the other exploitation. And whenever we exploit the earth we exploit people

and cause untold suffering. Working for the earth is not a way to get rich,

it is a way to be rich.

The first living cell came into being nearly 40 million centuries ago, and

its direct descendants are in all of our bloodstreams. Literally you are

breathing molecules this very second that were inhaled by Moses, Mother

Teresa, and Bono. We are vastly interconnected. Our fates are inseparable.

We are here because the dream of every cell is to become two cells. And

dreams come true. In each of you are one quadrillion cells, 90 percent of

which are not human cells. Your body is a community, and without those other

microorganisms you would perish in hours. Each human cell has 400 billion

molecules conducting millions of processes between trillions of atoms. The

total cellular activity in one human body is staggering: one septillion

actions at any one moment, a one with twenty-four zeros after it. In a

millisecond, our body has undergone ten times more processes than there are

stars in the universe, which is exactly what Charles Darwin foretold when he

said science would discover that each living creature was a "little

universe, formed of a host of self-propagating organisms, inconceivably

minute and as numerous as the stars of heaven."

So I have two questions for you all: First, can you feel your body? Stop for

a moment. Feel your body. One septillion activities going on simultaneously,

and your body does this so well you are free to ignore it, and wonder

instead when this speech will end. You can feel it. It is called life. This

is who you are. Second question: who is in charge of your body? Who is

managing those molecules? Hopefully not a political party. Life is creating

the conditions that are conducive to life inside you, just as in all of

nature. Our innate nature is to create the conditions that are conducive to

life. What I want you to imagine is that collectively humanity is evincing a

deep innate wisdom in coming together to heal the wounds and insults of the


Ralph Waldo Emerson once asked what we would do if the stars only came out

once every thousand years. No one would sleep that night, of course. The

world would create new religions overnight. We would be ecstatic, delirious,

made rapturous by the glory of God. Instead, the stars come out every night

and we watch television.

This extraordinary time when we are globally aware of each other and the

multiple dangers that threaten civilization has never happened, not in a

thousand years, not in ten thousand years. Each of us is as complex and

beautiful as all the stars in the universe. We have done great things and we

have gone way off course in terms of honoring creation. You are graduating

to the most amazing, stupefying challenge ever bequested to any generation.

The generations before you failed. They didn't stay up all night. They got

distracted and lost sight of the fact that life is a miracle every moment of

your existence. Nature beckons you to be on her side. You couldn't ask for a

better boss. The most unrealistic person in the world is the cynic, not the

dreamer. Hope only makes sense when it doesn't make sense to be hopeful.

This is your century. Take it and run as if your life depends on it.